Monday, September 7, 2015

Random Cisco based networking questions - CCNA - Part 9

More network based questions and answers, part nine of the 2015 series, complete with wiki reference links for further reading :-)

1.  What TCP/IP layer are Telnet, FTP, TFTP and SMTP protocols associated with?

A) Application
B) Host-to-Host / Transport
C) Internet
D) Network Access

2. What is not a main switch function?

A) Address learning
B) Frame forwarding
C) Packet forwarding
D) Loop avoidance

3. What layer of the OSI model segments and reassembles data from upper-layer applications and brings them together in the same data stream?

A: Presentation
B: Session
C: Transport
D: Network
E: Data Link

4. VLAN trunk protocol is responsible for?

A) Tracking and monitoring VLANS
B) Consistent VLAN configuration
C) Trunking VLANs across mixed networks
D) Reporting New VLANs
E) All of the above

5. If you are trunking between non-Cisco switches what frame tagging standard should you adopt?

A) 802.1q
C) 802.3q

6. If your switch uses shared memory buffering, what would happen if a packet could not be delivered because of a busy destination port?

A) It would delay transmission of all packets in memory
B) It would be sent to the destination port anyway
C) It would wait in a queue while all other packets in memory are transmitted
D) It would drop the packet after an allocated time

7.What is the equivalent of the TCP/IP Network Access layer in the OSI Reference layer?

A) Network
B) Data Link
C) Data Link and Physical
D) Physical
E) Transport

8. What is the Spanning Tree forward delay?

A) The time that is spent in the Listening and Learning states
B) 50 seconds
C) Time taken for a switch to go from Listening to Forwarding
D) Time taken for a switch to go from Blocking to Forwarding


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1. Answer: A

2.  Answer: C 

Switches are layer 2 devices and do not look at layer 3 packets.

3. Answer: C

4. Answer: E

VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) is a Cisco proprietary protocol that manages the addition, deletion, and renaming of Virtual Local Area Networks (VLAN) on a network.

5. Answer: A

ISL is a Cisco proprietary VLAN tagging protocol and therefore if you have a multi-vendor switch network you will need to choose the IEEE 802.1q standard instead of ISL.

6. Answer: C

The area of memory where the switch stores the data is called the memory buffer.
The memory buffer can use two methods for forwarding frames:

port-based memory buffering
shared memory buffering

In port-based memory buffering frames are stored in queues that are linked to specific incoming ports.

Shared memory buffering deposits all frames into a common memory buffer which all the ports on the switch share.

 7. Answer: C 

The link layer has the networking scope of the local network connection to which a host is attached. It is the lowest component layer of the Internet protocols, as TCP/IP is designed to be hardware independent. As a result, TCP/IP may be implemented on top of virtually any hardware networking technology.

8. Answer: A

Forward delay — The time that is spent in the listening and learning state, 15 sec by default, but you can tune the time to be between 4 and 30 sec.

Stay tuned for more coming soon :-)